Joseph Schuldenrein is president and senior scientist of Geoarcheology Research Associates (GRA) in Yonkers, New York. His professional expertise is geoarchaeology, a sub-discipline that introduces earth science techniques to traditional archaeological excavation. He has undertaken numerous projects across North America and the Old World. Dr. Schuldenrein received his doctorate in 1983 at the University of Chicago. Recent research in North America has concentrated on the urban archaeology of New York City and prehistoric Native American landscapes of the Atlantic Coast. Joe has worked extensively in South Asia on projects ranging from Human Origins to the beginnings of civilization of the Indus Valley. During the Iraq war Dr. Schuldenrein’s team helped direct a forensic archaeological mission that provided baseline evidence for the Saddam Hussein prosecution and trial. His newest project is an assessment of Cultural Heritage Sites in war-torn Afghanistan (2011). Dr. Schuldenrein has published extensively in numerous archaeological and geological journals. He is a reviewer for American Antiquity, Geoarchaeology, and Quaternary Science Reviews. He has served as Principal Investigator or Consulting Scientist for grants awarded by the National Science Foundation, Wenner-Gren, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Institute for Aegean Prehistory. Dr. Schuldenrein has been interviewed for PBS, as well as national and regional TV and radio outlets over the past 30 years.